The influence of sociocultural factors on attitudes towards homosexuality: Comparative study
The way society views homosexuality has changed over time, and the purpose of this study is to understand how homosexuality is viewed today, based on different variables gender, environment (rural/urban), age, religiosity, interpersonal contact with LGBT, academic qualifications and the professional sector. This study was quasi-experimental type and had a transversal character. The sample was 192 individuals, 97 women and 95 men. A sociodemographic questionnaire and a Multidimensional Lesbian and Gay Attitudes Scale (EMAFLG) were applied. The statistical program used for data analysis was the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The results obtained presented statistically significant differences for all variables except for sex variable that was evaluated through the mean. They evidenced higher values on the negative subscales and lower on positive subscales regarding the perception of homosexuality, concluding that men, individuals who spent most of their lives in rural areas, older people, individuals who consider themselves religious, those who do not have contact with LGBT, those with lower academic qualifications and, lastly, individuals working in a secondary sector are more homophobic. It was concluded that there is still prejudice regarding homosexuality.
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